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英文的降級 downgrade / demote 用法不同 (答對率39%) 多益 TOEIC 高分題

先做小測驗,再往下看講解喔!

第一題
Until recently the most senior position in the company was European Sales Manager, but this was _____ when the new post of International Sales Director was created.

A) promoted
B) upgraded
C) downgraded
D) demoted

第二題
He was _____ from manager to salesperson because of his poor handling of the department.

A) promoted
B) upgraded
C) downgraded
D) demoted

downgrade / demote 用法差異講解

downgrade + a position (職位)​
demote + a person (人)​

downgrade 例句

Until recently the most senior position in the company was European Sales Manager, but this was downgraded when the new post of International Sales Director was created.​

主詞是 this 所指的 European Sales Manager 這個職位, 所以用 downgraded.​

demote 例句

He was demoted from manager to salesperson because of his poor handling of the department.​

主詞是 he 這個人,所以用 demoted.​

以上為大部分適用的文法規則,但難免會遇到例外或是其他的用法。
歡迎預約一堂 1on1 家教老師問到飽、無痛學習英文。


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Author

英文 (CEFR C1 / TOEIC 985) 與西班牙文 (A2) 學習者;誤打誤撞拿到 TESOL 英文教師證照。英文從 A2 到 B2 花了四個半月。以自身經驗,至今已幫助數萬位學習者找到最適合的語言學習方式。

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