English 學英文

讓英文瞬間晉級的 12 個實用英文單字和片語

你有沒有發現有些英文文章或對話聽起來很流暢自然,而有些則聽起來有些生硬呢?或是當你口說或寫作時,你是否經常覺得卡詞了?如果是這樣,那麼我有一個小技巧要分享給你:使用一些實用英文單字、片語、連接詞和過渡詞,就可以讓你的英文更順暢、更有邏輯性,甚至讓你的英文表達能力提升一個等級喔!

 

In addition

用法、意思與例句

In addition / 介系詞 / 用於表示增加或補充已有的內容。

  • In addition to the regular menu, we also have a specials board with daily specials.
    (除了常規菜單外,我們還有每天的特色菜單。)
  • The hotel has a pool, a spa, and, in addition, a fitness centre.
    (這家酒店除了游泳池和水療中心,還有健身中心。)
  • I have a busy day tomorrow. In addition, I have to work late tonight.
    (明天我很忙,而且今晚還得加班。)

 

On the other hand

用法、意思與例句

On the other hand / 連接詞 / 用於引出相反的想法或觀點。

  • She loves the beach, but on the other hand, she hates the heat.
    (她喜歡海灘,但另一方面,她不喜歡炎熱。)
  • Some people enjoy working from home, while on the other hand, others prefer going to the office.
    (有些人喜歡在家工作,而有些人則喜歡在辦公室工作。)
  • The team’s defence was strong, but on the other hand, their offence struggled to score.
    (這支球隊的防守很強,但另一方面,進攻卻很難得分。)

 

Moreover

用法、意思與例句

Moreover / 副詞 / 用於在前面提到的事情之外,還有更多的事情。

  • The restaurant has great food, a lovely atmosphere, and, moreover, fantastic service.
    (這家餐廳的食物很好,環境也很愉快,而且服務也非常出色。)
  • She is not only talented but, moreover, incredibly hardworking.
    (她不僅有才華,而且工作非常努力。)
  • The new system not only saves time but, moreover, reduces the risk of errors.
    (這個新系統不僅節省了時間,而且還降低了出錯的風險。)

 

Furthermore

用法、意思與例句

Furthermore / 副詞 / 用於在已有的事實或觀點之外,還有更多的證據或事實。

  • The company has a great product, strong leadership, and, furthermore, a dedicated team.
    (這家公司不但產品優秀、管理階層實力強大,而且還有一個敬業的團隊。)
  • The book is not only well-written, but furthermore, it provides valuable insights into the industry.
    (這本書不僅寫得好,而且還提供了對行業有價值的見解。)
  • He has a lot of experience, strong recommendations, and, furthermore, an impressive track record.
    (他有豐富的經驗、介紹人強力的推薦,而且還有令人印象深刻的履歷。)

 

In conclusion

用法、意思與例句

In conclusion / 介系詞 / 用於總結文章或論點的結論。

  • In conclusion, the research shows that exercise has numerous health benefits.
    (總歸來說,研究顯示運動對健康有許多益處。)
  • We have evaluated all the candidates, and in conclusion, John is the best fit for the job.
    (我們評估了所有的候選人,最後結論是,約翰是這份工作的最佳人選。)
  • We have discussed the issue from all angles, and in conclusion, we should invest in renewable energy to reduce our carbon footprint.
    (我們從各個角度討論了這個問題,結論是,我們應該投資於可再生能源來減少碳足跡。)

 

As a result

用法、意思與例句

As a result / 介系詞 / 用於表達因某個行動、事件或決策的發生,造成某些結果或影響。

  • He didn’t study for the exam, and as a result, he failed.
    (他沒有為考試做準備,因此失敗了。)
  • The company invested heavily in marketing, and as a result, sales increased significantly.
    (這家公司大力投資於行銷,結果銷售額大幅增加。)
  • She missed the train, and as a result, she was late for the meeting.
    (她沒趕上火車,結果開會遲到了。)

 

Due to

用法、意思與例句

Due to / 介系詞 / 用於表示某個事件、狀況或決策的原因。

文法小秘訣:
注意這邊的 to 是整個片語的一部分,並不是動詞前面的 to。
而 “to” 本身做為其他詞的搭配詞時,多半會作為介系詞使用。
所以~介系詞後面永遠都不會是原型動詞,而必須使用名詞或動名詞 (動詞+ing)。

  • Due to the rain, the baseball game was postponed.
    (因為下雨,棒球比賽延期了。)
  • Due to the pandemic, many businesses had to close down.
    (由於疫情,許多企業不得不關閉。)
  • Due to her injury, she was unable to compete in the championship.
    (由於她受傷了,她無法參加錦標賽。)
  • Due to studying late into the night, I was able to pass the test with flying colours.
    (由於熬夜唸書,我能夠大獲全勝地通過考試。)
  • The company’s profits suffered due to not investing enough in marketing.
    (由於未投足夠的資源在行銷上,這家公司的利潤受到影響。)
  • Due to his love of cooking, he decided to enrol in culinary school.
    (因為他超愛烹飪,他決定報讀烹飪學校。)

 

Nonetheless

用法、意思與例句

Nonetheless / 副詞 / 用於表示雖意識到某件事情的重要性,但仍然提出異議或對另一件事情進行反駁。

  • The movie had a few flaws. Nonetheless, it was still enjoyable.
    (這部電影有一些破綻,但是還是很好看。)
  • The restaurant was busy, but nonetheless, the service was excellent.
    (這家餐廳很忙,但仍然提供了出色的服務。)
  • The project was completed on time, but nonetheless, it was over budget.
    (這個專案按時完成了,但仍然超出了預算。)

 

Consequently

用法、意思與例句

Consequently / 連接詞 / 用於表示因某個行動、事件或決策的發生,造成某些結果或影響。

  • She missed the train and, consequently, was late for the meeting.
    (她沒趕上火車,因此開會遲到了。)
  • The company failed to innovate and, consequently, lost market share.
    (這家公司沒有創新,因此失去了市場份額。)
  • He didn’t wear a helmet and consequently, suffered a head injury.
    (他沒有戴頭盔,因此受到了頭部傷害。)

 

In spite of

用法、意思與例句

In spite of / 介系詞 / 用於表示即使某件事情發生,某個結果仍然不受影響。

文法小秘訣:
通常後面只加簡單的名詞,不會詳細講原因。像是 because of 的用法。

  • In spite of the rain, the team still played the game.
    (儘管下雨,這個隊還是參與了比賽。)
  • In spite of her fear of heights, she went bungee jumping.
    (儘管害怕高度,她還是去高空彈跳了。)
  • In spite of the delay, the project was still completed on time.
    (儘管延誤了,這個專案還是按時完成了。)

 

As a matter of fact

用法、意思與例句

As a matter of fact / 介系詞 / 用於指出某個觀點或結論是根據可驗證的事實得出的。

  • As a matter of fact, the company’s profits have been increasing steadily over the past year.
    (事實上,這家公司的利潤在過去一年裡穩步成長。)
  • As a matter of fact, the research shows that sleep is essential to good health.
    (事實上,研究顯示睡眠對健康相當重要。)
  • As a matter of fact, John is the only candidate with experience in this field.
    (事實上,約翰是唯一在這個領域有經驗的候選人。)

 

In other words

用法、意思與例句

In other words / 介系詞 / 用於重新用簡單或更容易理解的方式表達同一個觀念或概念。

  • The dress code is business casual; in other words, no jeans or sneakers.
    (服裝規定是商務休閒,換句話說,不能穿牛仔褲或運動鞋。)
  • She is a foodie; in other words, she loves trying new and exotic foods.
    (她是一個吃貨,換句話說,她喜歡嚐試新的和異國風味的食物。)
  • The project requires extensive research; in other words, a lot of time and effort will be needed.
    (這個專案需要大量的研究,換言之,需要投入很多時間和精力。)

 

在開始使用這些詞彙時,不要害怕犯錯,因為這是學習的必經過程。透過不斷的練習,你的英文表達就會更加自然流暢。

 

(本文與 ChatGPT 協作)

以上為大部分適用的文法規則,但難免會遇到例外或是其他的用法。
歡迎預約一堂 1on1 家教老師問到飽、無痛學習英文。


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Author

英文 (CEFR C1 / TOEIC 985) 與西班牙文 (A2) 學習者;誤打誤撞拿到 TESOL 英文教師證照。英文從 A2 到 B2 花了四個半月。以自身經驗,至今已幫助數萬位學習者找到最適合的語言學習方式。

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